Synthetic Biology

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“Since the dawn of civilization, humans have been builders and engineers, constructing houses from bricks, machines from metals and now genomes from nucleotides.” (Wang 2010)

Introduction

Expert Evaluation of Synthetic Biology (May 20, 2010)
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  • De novo DNA synthesis distinguishes synthetic biology from genetic engineering as, genetic engineering is the modification of naturally occurring DNA segments, whereas synthetic biology is the generation of novel DNA segments (Young and Alper 2009; Mooallem 2010).
  • Thus, the field of synthetic biology offers a promising opportunity to expand organism design beyond the limits imposed by nature, and consequently introduce functional modifications that may result in advances in healthcare, energy generation, pollution cleanup and genetic engineering (Young and Alper 2009; Hsu 2010a, 2010b).

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