Synthetic Biology

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“Since the dawn of civilization, humans have been builders and engineers, constructing houses from bricks, machines from metals and now genomes from nucleotides.” (Wang 2010)


Works Cited:

  • Andrianantoandro E, Basu S, Karig DK, Weiss R. 2006. Synthetic biology: New engineering rules for an emerging discipline. Mol Syst Biol 2.
  • Benner SA and Sismour AM. 2005. Synthetic biology. Nat Rev Genet 6(7):533-43.
  • Benner SA, Yang Z, Chen F. 2010 Synthetic biology, tinkering biology, and artificial biology. what are we learning? Comptes Rendus Chimie In Press, Corrected Proof.
  • Biotechnology Industry Organization. 2010. Current Uses of Synthetic Biology for Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals. Retrieved Nov. 8, 2010, from Biotechnology Industry Organization, Washington, DC. Web site:
  • Calvert J. 2010. Synthetic biology: constructing nature? Sociol Rev 58:95-112.
  • Fox S. 2010 [cited 2010 Sep 28]. First live organism with synthetic genome created. [Internet]. New York, NY: TechMediaNetwork. Available from:
  • Gibson DG, Glass JI, Lartigue C, Noskov VN, Chuang R, Algire MA, Benders GA, Montague MG, Ma L, Moodie MM, et al. 2010. Creation of a bacterial cell controlled by a chemically synthesized genome. Science 329(5987):52-6.
  • Gill V. 2010 [cited 2010 Sep 28]. ‘Artificial life’ breakthrough announced by scientists. [Internet]. United Kingdom: BBC. Available from:
  • Hsu J. 2010a [cited 2010 Sep 28]. Synthetic biology: Great promise and potential peril. [Internet]. New York, NY: TechMediaNetwork. Available from:
  • Hsu J. 2010b [cited 2010 Sep 28]. What’s synthetic biology? [Internet]. New York, NY: TechMediaNetwork. Available from:
  • J. Craig Venter Institute. 2010. [cited 2010 Oct 12]. Synthetic Genomics Inc. and J. Craig Venter Institute Form New Company, Synthetic Genomics Vaccines Inc. (SGVI), to Develop Next Generation Vaccines. [Internet]. La Jolla, CA: J. Craig Venter Institute. Available from:
  • Katsnelson A. 2010 [cited 2010 Oct 12]. DNA factory builds up steam. [Internet]. London, UK: Nature Publishing Group. Available from:
  • Keasling JD. 2008. Synthetic biology for synthetic chemistry. ACS Chemical Biology 3(1):64-76.
  • Mooallem J. 2010 [cited 2010 Sep 28]. Do-It-Yourself genetic engineering. [Internet]. New York, NY: The New York Times Company. Available from:
  • NSF. 2010 [cited 2010 Sep 29]. What is synthetic biology? [Internet]. Berkeley, CA: SynBERC. Available from:
  • OpenWetWare. 2010 [cited 2010 Nov 8]. Applications. [Internet]. Belmont, MA: OpenWetWare. Available from:
  • Rejeski D. 2009 [cited 2010 Nov 8]. The Rise of Molecular Economy. [Internet]. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Available from: http://
  • Wang HH. 2010. Synthetic genomes for synthetic biology. Journal of Molecular Cell Biology 2(4):178-9.
  • Young E and Alper H. Synthetic biology: Tools to design, build, and optimize cellular processes. [revised 10/28/09]; Hindawi Publishing Corporation. Available from
  • Zhang L, Chang S, Wang J. 2010. How to make a minimal genome for synthetic minimal cell. Protein & Cell 1(5):427-34.

Works Consulted:

  • Ball P. 2008 [cited 2010 Oct 12]. Genome stitched together by hand. [Internet]. London, UK: Nature Publishing Group. Available from:
  • Ball P. 2010 [cited 2010 Oct 12]. A synthetic creation story. [Internet]. London, UK: Nature Publishing Group. Available from:
  • ETC Group. 2010 [cited 2010 Sep 29]. The Royal Society’s report on geoengineering the climate: geoengineering or geopiracy? [Internet]. Ottawa, ON: ETC Group. Available from:
  • Hayden E C. 2009 [cited 2010 Oct 12]. Scientists devise new way to modify organisms. [Internet]. London, UK: Nature Publishing Group. Available from:
  • Katsnelson A. 2010 [cited 2010 Oct 12]. Genome-building from the bottom up. [Internet]. London, UK: Nature Publishing Group. Available from:
  • Khalil AS and Collins JJ. 2010. Synthetic biology: Applications come of age. Nat Rev Genet 11(5):367-79.
  • Ledford H. 2010 [cited 2010 Oct 12]. Garage biotech: life hackers. [Internet]. London, UK: Nature Publishing Group. Available from:
  • Mohr S. 2007 [cited 2010 Sep 29]. Primer for Synthetic Biology. [Internet]. Cambridge, MA: OpenWetWare. Available from:
  • Williams R. 2010. Venter’s build-a-bug workshop. Circ Res 107(4):444-5.


  1. Comment from vanvenro      Reply
    Time December 8, 2010 at 3:23 pm

    WOW WOW WOW your webcited is so legit

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